The Most Complex International Borders in the World

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Shared December 1, 2013

In this video I look at some of the most complex international border. Of course, there are more complex borders in the world, but this video looks at some of my favourites.

I look at the 3 enclaves countries of the world: Vatican City, San Marino and Lesotho. As well as Campione d'Italia, an Italian exclave which is an enclave of Switzerland.

I then take things up a notch and look at enclaves within enclaves. The town of Baarle which is in the Netherlands and Belgium is an incredibly complicated border. But not quite as much as the Cooch Behar region of India and Bangladesh.

This is followed by a look at the odd situation of Bir Tawil, the only unclaimed land on Earth outside of Antarctica (which is itself a place for complex borders!)

I finish off the video by looking at the island of Cyprus, which may look like a borderless island, but is in fact far from it!



All images used are: public domain; licensed under Creative Commons with attribution; or used with permission.

Vatican City (by David Illif) -

Car parked on International border (Tarun Chandel) -

Baarle images (Stephen Eustace) -


Background music is royalty free and licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0

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